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The Role of Optometrist in Eye Care For ocular conditions, the optometrist is the first contact. Between the patient and an ophthalmologist the link is an optometrist. Optometry has been provided to play a major role in the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need and this is by the realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error. In integrating optometry for prevention of blindness, they play an important role. The major providers of vision correction have been the optometrists. An optometrist examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases in clinical practice. They take the medical history of a patient and note down their visual needs. Uncorrected refractive error is the second leading cause of treatable blindness. Usually optometrists play a major role in correcting refractive errors. Various eye tests they perform to children and adults. In patients with subnormal vision they provide low vision aids, vision therapy and rehabilitation to correct and conserve vision.
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The amount of deviation of the eyes they assess and measure . Also they perform tests to determine depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes. After checking the intra ocular pressure an optometrist can be the first person to diagnose glaucoma. The first one a patient concerned about their vision can visit is a community optometrist. They supervise dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also apart from correcting refractive errors. To patients who have disfigured eyes, optometrists provide cosmetic support by fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells.
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A patient’s eyes will be examined, their sight tested and advise given on visual problems by an optometrist. They also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses when need be. Different types of optometrists there are. There are the high street company optometrists who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses. Hospital or clinic optometrists there are. To treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions these ones work alongside ophthalmologists. Laboratory or university optometrists, the last group is. Into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eyesight they usually undertake research. Usually, optometrists write referral letters to other doctors or liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions. They also examine patients’ eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects. They should be aware of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. There has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologist so as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities.